L'anglais facile : 33 cours pour progresser à l'écrit - les réponses aux exercices
Vous trouverez ci-après les réponses aux exercices proposés dans les 33 cours d'anglais élaborés par Gaëlle Jolly, auteur du guide Anglais au lycée, faites la différence, publié aux éditions l'Etudiant.
Les leçons et les exercices auxquels correspondent les corrigés ci-après sont dans le dossier L'anglais facile : 33 cours pour progresser à l'écrit.
Cours d'anglais 1 : le présent simple et le présent be+ing
1. a. enjoys
b. is shooting
c. are looking
d. don't speak
e. are joking.
2. a. They don’t understand what you mean./Do they understand what you mean?
b. He doesn’t like swimming in the sea./Does he like swimming in the sea?
c. We don’t have a new computer./Do we have a new computer?
d. She doesn’t live in a village by the river./Does she live in a village by the river?
e. You don’t look like your mother./Do you look like your mother?
Cours d'anglais 2 : la différence entre prétérit simple et prétérit be+ing
1. a. hit
b. were trying – occurre
Cours d'anglais 3 : le present perfect
1. a. She has met him. He's very nice!
b. I haven't seen this film. What is it about?
c. It's the first time they have seen her.
d. You've been crying!
2. a. My girlfriend has started a new job.
b. She has been working very hard for the past two weeks.
c. I haven’t told my parents yet but we are getting married.
d. We have been going out together for three years.
e. I have bought her a new car as a wedding present.
Cours d'anglais 4 : savoir choisir entre le present perfect et le prétérit
1. a. have never seen
c. haven't decided
2. a. I didn’t go to the cinema yesterday.
b. I haven’t seen Brad Pitt’s latest film.
c. Did she visit the Tate Modern in London?
d. We have met her parents.
e. He saw me.
3. a. have cut.
b. bought – haven’t tried.
c. haven’t seen – met – had.
d. went out – have come.
e. has improved.
Cours d'anglais 5 : le pluperfect
1. a. I had just met her.
b. She had just gone to bed when the doorbell rang.
c. He said that he had forgotten his umbrella at the restaurant.
2. a. The concert had already begun.
b. She had not seen him for ten years.
c. She had already planned something else.
d. He had just left.
e. He had just had a snack.
3. a. had gone.
c. didn’t remember – had given.
d. had already brought up – was born.
e. hadn’t known – moved out.
Cours d'anglais 6 : distinguer for, since, ago, during
1. a. for
2. a. He has been away for two weeks.
b. We haven’t seen them for five years.
c. We have lived in New York since 2010.
d. I have had this boat since March.
e. They haven’t spoken since.
3. a. I have known her for years.
b. He left during the meeting.
c. I haven’t seen him since my last holiday.
d. He died 10 years ago.
e. They have known the truth for a long time.
Cours d'anglais 7 : le futur en anglais
1. a. She will be here soon, she promised.
b. He is getting married next month.
c. How pale she is, she’s going to faint!
d. Quiet! She is about to speak!
e. The president is to open the meeting at 2 pm.
f. They are bound to be late.
2. a. are going to.
b. will go.
c. will take.
d. am going to.
3. a. The president is to deliver his speech at 9 am.
b. Be quiet! It’s about to begin!
c. I will tell you about it later.
d. We will discuss it when we have all the necessary details.
e. They don’t know when they will be back.
Cours d'anglais 10 : les subordonnées en that et what
1. a. that.
2. a. that.
3. a. I think that she doesn’t know what happened.
b. What is important is your opinion.
c. Do you want her to come back?
d. She would like you to know that it’s not too late.
e. Tell her what you have done.
Cours d'anglais 11 : les subordonnées relatives
1. a. Paul, whose car has been stolen, is thinking of buying a bike.
b. The pupils who had not done their homework were punished.
c. The only person (that) I met was the housekeeper.
d. What happened did not surprise anyone.
2. a. The children who have misbehaved will be punished.
b. Jane, whose bike has been stolen, will have to buy a new one.
c. The government have decided to take measures, which is a good thing.
d. The guns that were found belonged to gang members.
e. The witnesses who were questioned by the police gave useful information.
3. a. Sarah is the woman I told you about.
b. Paul, whose father is a dentist, wants to be a doctor.
c. We did what we were asked to do.
d. They gave me one last chance, which I will never forget.
e. This man, whose name I can’t remember, is a famous actor.
Cours d'anglais 12 : les subordonnées de condition, de temps, d'opposition et autres
1. a. As
b. As soon as
2. a. give.
b. would know.
c. would you react.
3. a. She was awarded the best prize for designing the best project.
b. They moved to Paris for their son to improve his French.
c. I was arrested for driving too fast.
d. This money is for you to take your driving test.
e. I was punished for not working enough.
Cours d'anglais 13 : comprendre à quoi servent les modaux
1. a. conseil
b. probabilité forte
2. a. needn’t.
b. may not.
3. a. You will have to ask your brother to help you.
b. You will not be allowed to enter the staff room. It’s forbidden.
c. She didn’t have to get an extra key.
d. Visitors will be able to stay as long as they want.
e. I had to wait for my parents to come back.
Cours d'anglais 14 : les modaux et l'expression de la probabilité
1. a. 30 %
b. 50 %
c. 80 %
d. 80 %.
2. a. I may visit my grandmother tomorrow.
b. She may not want to talk to you.
c. She must be having lunch now.
d. They must have forgotten our meeting.
e. They can’t have gone too far.
Cours d'anglais 15 : les verbes prépositionnels ou à particules adverbiales
1. a. off
b. on – in
Cours d'anglais 16 : l'hypothèse et l'irréel
b. didn’t lie
d. had told.
Cours d'anglais 17 : les énoncés affirmatifs, négatifs et interrogatifs
1. a. We visited the Lake District last year.
b. I sometimes phone him.
c. They often go for a walk on Sundays.
d. Do you watch TV every night?
2. a. Did he know she was back?
b. They wouldn’t be delighted to share the house with them.
c. Can they understand what I’ve been through?
d. Will they leave him alone?
e. She hasn’t been trying to contact you.
3. a. No sooner had they arrived than it started raining.
b. Not only did I realise that I had forgotten to warn them but I also remembered that I didn’t have their phone number.
c. Never had I seen him so furious!
d. Hardly had we started when we were interrupted.
e. Nowhere else will you get such detailed information.
Cours d'anglais 18 : poser des questions en anglais
1. a. Do you speak English?
b. What happened to you?
c. How long ago did she leave?
d. I wonder when he will come.
2. a. When was the compass invented?
b. How did the accident happen?
c. Where were you born ?
d. What time are your parents coming?
e. Who telephoned Emma ?
Cours d'anglais 19 : les réponses courtes et les question tags
1. a. I haven’t found any solution yet. – Neither have I.
b. She answered your letter, didn’t she?
c. Did he get in touch with you? – I think so.
Cours d'anglais 20 : base verbale et "faire faire"
1. a. tell
2. a. using.
3. a. smoking.
b. to go.
d. to meet.
Cours d'anglais 21 : ne plus se tromper entre gérondif et infinitif
1. a. Do you remember phoning him last week?
b. I can’t help laughing at her.
c. She doesn’t want me to tell you about it.
d. I advise you not to tell him.
2. a. leave.
d. to contact.
e. to go – not stay.
Cours d'anglais 22 : maîtriser le passif
1. a. active
2. a. was invited.
b. are caused.
c. was written.
d. is included.
e. were damaged.
3. a. All the trains have been cancelled because of a power cut.
b. The staff room is not used very often.
c. The letter must have been sent to the wrong address.
d. Our conversation is being recorded!
e. This dog is said to be dangerous.
Cours d'anglais 23 : le style indirect
1. a. She said that she was looking for a new job.
b. He told her not to leave.
c. They asked them where they had been.
2. a. He said that he was mad at her.
b. He said that he didn’t know where to go.
c. He said that she had never been abroad.
d. He said that they would spend their holiday in Spain.
e. He said that he shouldn’t come so often.
3. a. She declared that she didn’t want to see him again.
b. They asked where we were going.
c. She ordered me not to talk to her this way.
d. She asked why Mary refused to talk to her.
e. He admitted that he must feel sorry.
4. a. “It’s none of your business!”
b. “Take your coat before going out.”
c. “Did you talk to her yesterday?” - “Yes, I did.”
d. “We will spend our holiday in Spain.”
e. “I shouldn’t come so often.”
Cours d'anglais 24 : savoir choisir entre a, the ou Ø
1. a. a
b. Ø – Ø
2. a. a.
Cours d'anglais 25 : comprendre la différence entre dénombrable et indénombrable
1. a. is
2. a. time.
b. a job.
c. your hair is – it.
d. a paper.
Cours d'anglais 26 : few, little, a lot of, many, much et autres quantifieurs
1. a. little.
2. a. any – some.
Cours d'anglais 27 : la mise en relation des noms avec of, le génitif ou les noms composés
1. a. My sister's bag.
b. Peter and Jane's car.
c. The back-door.
d. A cup of tea
e. A goalkeeper.
2. a. friendly.
Cours d'anglais 28 : les mots dérivés
1. a. helpless.
2. a. Elle est malade depuis deux mois.
b. Nous sommes ensemble depuis si longtemps.
c. Il a travaillé pendant deux heures.
d. Il était footballeur professionnel il y a longtemps.
e. Il apprend le français depuis six mois.
Cours d'anglais 29 : place et formation de l'adjectif
1. a. A beautiful Scottish wool sweater.
b. A fashionable short blue skirt.
c. A large square marble table.
d. A silly tall young dark-eyed boy.
2. a. My boyfriend’s father
b. Your sister’s books
c. The school’s new headmaster
d. After my parents’departure
e. The world’s most famous actress
3. a. I wrote to my brother’s wife.
b. It’s not Peter’s car but his neighbour’s.
c. This month’s programme is disappointing.
d. It’s two hours’ walk.
e. London’s parks are the perfect places for a picnic.
Cours d'anglais 30 : exprimer la comparaison
1. a. easier.
c. more comfortable.
2. a. an interesting Scottish novel.
b. a stupid young girl.
c. lovely red leather shoes.
d. a big old green American car.
e. Good old Italian comedies on TV.
3. a. They are hard-working students.
b. It’s a battery-operated robot.
c. She’s a bad-tempered woman.
d. They are fun-loving boys.
e. We came back empty-handed.
Cours d'anglais 31 : les pronoms personnels, possessifs, réciproques et réfléchis
1. a. Is it your dog? No, mine is black.
b. Is it his bag? No, it's yours.
c. He doesn't like cats very much but he doesn't mind looking after ours from time to time.
2. a. better.
b. the youngest.
c. less serious.
d. more hilarious.
e. the least expensive.
3. a. I work late at night, as do most students.
b. She makes more and more money.
c. There’s less and less wind.
d. There were twice as many people as yesterday.
e. He is the same as he used to be.
Cours d'anglais 32 : comment traduire "il y a" ?
1. a. I saw her three days ago.
b. It was sunny yesterday.
c. There are lots of apples in this tree.
d. I have known her for five years.
e. It's four kilometers from here to the station.
2. a. their.
b. my – yours.
3. a. they’re – they.
b. they – their.
d. there – there’s.
À consulter aussi
Améliorer son anglais