The Uber-ization of Higher Education

Translated by Nina Fink, Marine Miller
Publié le
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Séance de tournage test pour un prochain MOOC à HarvardX
Moocs born in American universities (Harvard, MIT, Stanford), in 2011. // ©  HarvardX/Harvard University
Following in the footsteps of the transportation, hotel and restaurant industries, higher education is the next in line to Uber-ize. Looking back on 2015, the much-expected MOOC revolution did not materialize. However, the digital revolution showed no signs of slowing down.

Uber-ization has hit universities. For Thierry Mandon, Secretary of State for Higher Education and Research, "First come the MOOCs. Then come the virtual universities." University of Cergy-Pontoise President François Germinet observes, "In France, people still make MOOCs for fun but soon they will be part of the curriculum."

The New Face of MOOCs

Many expected MOOCs to democratize education in 2015. That never happened. Instead, the MOOC inventors, Harvard, MIT and Stanford, are developing custom MOOCs for companies and fee-based, on-demand MOOCs with certificates for schools.

Catherine Mongenet, Project Manager of the French digital university platform FUN, says that the FUN schools' "new MOOCs are more diverse. They cover innovative topics like the circular economy and sustainable development."

Certain U.S. schools offer MOOC-based degrees. Arizona State University has a MOOC-only freshman year option. Georgia Tech launched a MOOC-only Master's degree via Udacity. Yet with just 400 students and competitive admissions, the degree's courses are neither massive nor open.

The Airbnb of Education

"The Uber-ization of higher education will be complete when universities grant diplomas to students who have completed blocks of their education at other schools," says Germinet. Students could use a shared platform to select blocks provided by different universities. "Who will launch the Airbnb of education?" wonders Germinet.

The Staying Power of Schools

Not everyone buys the revolution. According to Matthieu Cisel, EducPros blogger and ENS Cachan Ph.D. student studying MOOCs, "Most students prefer classroom learning. Content will move online but degrees and certificates will stay school specific. These aren't taxis. Universities are a strong, stable institution."

Germinet worries, "The French national diploma system won't protect us forever. The market is very international and very competitive." Yet he believes universities will endure because "while classes can be Uber-ized, that period of life cannot."

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Translated by Nina Fink, Marine Miller | Publié le

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Fabrice Demichel.

"Most students prefer classroom learning. Content will move online but degrees and certificates will stay school specific. These aren't taxis. Universities are a strong, stable institution." Oui - mais les universités ne répondent pas au problème structurel d'offre (limitée) et de demande (qui explose). Elles restent de plus très sélectives par le prix en formation continue et executive education. Les "nano-degrees" (ICCF @ HEC Paris par exemple) offre des formations professionalisantes à un grand nombre, à un coût raisonnable, sans sacrifier la qualité.