La France en dixième position du classement 2021 des universités du Times Higher Education

Par Cécile Marchand-Ménard, publié le 03 Septembre 2020
7 min

La France se glisse à la dixième place du classement Times Higher Education 2021, publié ce mercredi 2 septembre 2020. Avec cinq universités dans le top 200, les universités françaises restent cependant loin derrière les géants américains et britanniques.

Qualité de l’enseignement et de la recherche, citations, transfert de connaissances vers l’industrie et rayonnement international. Tels sont les critères évalués par le Times Higher Education (THE) pour son classement des universités, World University Rankings 2021, publié pour la 17e année consécutive ce mercredi 2 septembre 2020. Il ne compte pas moins de 1.527 établissements (plus d’une centaine supplémentaire depuis l’an dernier) situés dans 93 pays ou régions à travers le monde.

Tout comme lors du classement 2020, la France compte cinq établissements parmi les 200 meilleurs. L’Université Paris sciences et lettres, l’École Polytechnique, la Sorbonne Université, Université de Paris et l’Université Paris-Saclay permettent à la France d’atteindre la dixième place des pays les mieux représentés dans le top 200.

L’Université Paris-Saclay : meilleure nouvelle entrée

Remarquée par une entrée à la 14e place du classement de Shanghai à la mi-août 2020, l’Université Paris-Saclay continue sur sa lancée. Le regroupement de 14 établissements et organismes de recherche, créé en janvier 2020 devient la première des 141 nouvelles universités à intégrer le classement en se hissant à la 178e place.

L’Université Paris Sciences et Lettres chute d’une place par rapport à l’année dernière notamment à cause d'un nombre moins important de citations des publications de ses enseignants-chercheurs. Elle reste néanmoins la première université française représentée, à la 46e place du classement.

La Sorbonne Université chute de 7 rangs et s’installe à la 87e place du classement, aux côtés de l’École polytechnique, qui, elle, gagne 6 places. Pour sa deuxième année au sein du classement, Université de Paris perd 6 places pour atteindre la 136e en 2021.

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Une forte concurrence internationale

Les universités américaines et britanniques, respectivement au nombre de 59 et 29 dans le top 200, caracolent en tête du classement. Huit des dix premières universités répertoriées sont états-uniennes et deux sont anglaises, dont l’Université d’Oxford, à la première place depuis 2017.

Nouvelle concurrence face aux universités françaises et occidentales, le magazine Times Higher Education note une progression des universités asiatiques. Elles sont désormais 16 dans le top 100. Pour la première fois depuis 2011, une université de Chine continentale, celle de Tsinghua, intègre même le top 20. "Nous observons l’émergence de l’Asie dans le classement mondial depuis plusieurs années maintenant, souligne Phil Baty, Chief Knowledge Officer du THE, dans un communiqué. Ce nouveau classement prouve que les systèmes éducatifs orientaux gagnent en importance face aux systèmes occidentaux, plus établis".

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Rang Universités Pays
1 University of Oxford United Kingdom
2 Stanford University United States
3 Harvard University United States
4 California Institute of Technology United States
5 Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States
6 University of Cambridge United Kingdom
7 University of California, Berkeley United States
8 Yale University United States
9 Princeton University United States
10 University of Chicago United States
11 Imperial College London United Kingdom
12 Johns Hopkins University United States
13 University of Pennsylvania United States
14 ETH Zurich Switzerland
15 University of California, Los Angeles United States
16 UCL United Kingdom
17 Columbia University United States
18 University of Toronto Canada
19 Cornell University United States
=20 Tsinghua University China
=20 Duke University United States
22 University of Michigan-Ann Arbor United States
23 Peking University China
24 Northwestern University United States
25 National University of Singapore Singapore
26 New York University United States
27 London School of Economics and Political Science United Kingdom
28 Carnegie Mellon University United States
29 University of Washington United States
30 University of Edinburgh United Kingdom
31 University of Melbourne Australia
32 LMU Munich Germany
33 University of California, San Diego United States
34 University of British Columbia Canada
35 King’s College London United Kingdom
=36 Karolinska Institute Sweden
=36 The University of Tokyo Japan
38 Georgia Institute of Technology United States
39 University of Hong Kong Hong Kong
40 McGill University Canada
41 Technical University of Munich Germany
42 Heidelberg University Germany
43 École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne Switzerland
44 University of Texas at Austin United States
45 KU Leuven Belgium
46 Paris Sciences et Lettres – PSL Research University Paris France
47 Nanyang Technological University, Singapore Singapore
48 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign United States
49 University of Wisconsin-Madison United States
50 Washington University in St Louis United States
=51 University of Manchester United Kingdom
=51 University of Sydney Australia
53 University of Southern California United States
=54 Kyoto University Japan
=54 Boston University United States
=56 Chinese University of Hong Kong Hong Kong
=56 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Hong Kong
=56 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill United States
59 Australian National University Australia
60 Seoul National University South Korea
61 Brown University United States
=62 The University of Queensland Australia
=62 Wageningen University & Research Netherlands
=64 University of California, Davis United States
=64 Monash University Australia
66 University of Amsterdam Netherlands
67 UNSW Sydney Australia
68 University of California, Santa Barbara United States
69 McMaster University Canada
=70 Fudan University China
=70 Leiden University Netherlands
72 Erasmus University Rotterdam Netherlands
=73 University of Montreal Canada
=73 University of Zurich Switzerland
=75 Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin Germany
=75 Utrecht University Netherlands
77 University of Warwick United Kingdom
=78 Delft University of Technology Netherlands
=78 University of Tübingen Germany
=80 University of Groningen Netherlands
=80 Humboldt University of Berlin Germany
=80 Ohio State University (Main campus) United States
83 University of Freiburg Germany
84 University of Copenhagen Denmark
=85 Emory University United States
=85 University of Minnesota United States
=87 École Polytechnique France
=87 University of Science and Technology of China China
=87 Sorbonne University France
90 University of Maryland, College Park United States
91 University of Bristol United Kingdom
=92 University of Basel Switzerland
=92 University of Glasgow United Kingdom
=94 Purdue University West Lafayette United States
=94 Zhejiang University China
96 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) South Korea
97 National Taiwan University Taiwan
=98 University of California, Irvine United States
=98 University of Helsinki Finland
100 Shanghai Jiao Tong University China
=101 Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU) South Korea
=101 Dartmouth College United States
=103 Ghent University Belgium
=103 Lund University Sweden
105 Michigan State University United States
106 Aarhus University Denmark
=107 University of Birmingham United Kingdom
=107 RWTH Aachen University Germany
109 University of Bern Switzerland
110 Queen Mary University of London United Kingdom
=111 Nanjing University China
=111 Uppsala University Sweden
=111 Vanderbilt University United States
=114 University of Bonn Germany
=114 Penn State (Main campus) United States
116 Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam Netherlands
117 University of Virginia (Main campus) United States
=118 University of Adelaide Australia
=118 Free University of Berlin Germany
120 Georgetown University United States
=121 Maastricht University Netherlands
=121 University of Sheffield United Kingdom
=121 Case Western Reserve University United States
=124 Rice University United States
=124 University of Arizona United States
126 City University of Hong Kong Hong Kong
=127 University of Oslo Norway
=127 University of Southampton United Kingdom
129 Hong Kong Polytechnic University Hong Kong
130 University of Göttingen Germany
=131 University of Alberta Canada
=131 University of Colorado Boulder United States
=133 University of York United Kingdom
=133 University of Pittsburgh-Pittsburgh campus United States
135 University of Hamburg Germany
=136 Lancaster University United Kingdom
=136 University of Paris France
=136 Radboud University Nijmegen Netherlands
139 The University of Western Australia Australia
=140 University of Mannheim Germany
=140 Technical University of Berlin Germany
=140 Ulm University Germany
=140 University of Würzburg Germany
=140 Indiana University United States
=145 University of Cologne Germany
=145 University of Ottawa Canada
=147 University of Rochester United States
=147 University of Auckland New Zealand
=149 Durham University United Kingdom
=149 University of Geneva Switzerland
151 Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH) South Korea
=152 Pompeu Fabra University Spain
=152 TU Dresden Germany
=152 University of Florida United States
=155 University of Cape Town South Africa
=155 Trinity College Dublin Republic of Ireland
=155 Tufts University United States
=158 Bielefeld University Germany
=158 University of Nottingham United Kingdom
=160 University of Leeds United Kingdom
=160 University of Sussex United Kingdom
=160 University of Technology Sydney Australia
163 University of Liverpool United Kingdom
=164 Université Catholique de Louvain Belgium
=164 University of Vienna Austria
166 Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey United States
=167 University of Bologna Italy
=167 Korea University South Korea
169 University of Alabama at Birmingham United States
=170 University of Notre Dame United States
=170 University of Antwerp Belgium
=170 University of Leicester United Kingdom
=170 Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies – Pisa Italy
=174 University of Exeter United Kingdom
=174 Lomonosov Moscow State University Russian Federation
=176 Northeastern University United States
=176 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) South Korea
=178 University of Aberdeen United Kingdom
=178 Newcastle University United Kingdom
=178 Paris-Saclay University France
181 Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa Italy
182 Autonomous University of Barcelona Spain
183 Stockholm University Sweden
=184 Arizona State University (Tempe) United States
=184 University of Canberra Australia
186 Queensland University of Technology Australia
=187 Eindhoven University of Technology Netherlands
=187 George Washington University United States
=187 Technical University of Denmark Denmark
=187 Yonsei University (Seoul campus) South Korea
=191 Cardiff University United Kingdom
=191 University of Gothenburg Sweden
=191 University of Lausanne Switzerland
=191 Tel Aviv University Israel
=195 Macquarie University Australia
=195 University of Münster Germany
197 Texas A&M University United States
=198 University of Barcelona Spain
=198 University of Erlangen-Nuremberg Germany
=200 University of Calgary Canada
=200 University of East Anglia United Kingdom
=200 Queen’s University Belfast United Kingdom